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Cyber Safety Glossary

Nigerian Scam

Also Known As:
419 Fraud, Advance Fee Fraud, Four-One-Nine (after the relevant section of the Criminal Code of Nigeria), and The Nigerian Connection.

419 Fraud involves an unsolicited email message, purportedly from Nigeria or another African nation, in which the sender dangles the promise of a huge sum of money to the email recipient. To earn this money, the recipient is asked to pay an advance fee or provide identity, credit card or bank account information. There are uncounted variations on these tales from crude oil and other commodity deals to unclaimed bequests.

How to Recognize This Threat:
Unsolicited email messages from a stranger who promises great wealth - a "get-rich" scheme.

What Should I Do:
Do not respond. Never send a check or reveal identity, credit card, or bank account numbers.